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Parallels Between
High Holy Days and Messianic Parallel



Table 3: Messianic Parallel to

Hebrew High Holy Days

The following is, in part, based on God's Appointed Times, by Barney Kasdan and
Israel's Holy Days - In Type and Prophecy, by Daniel Fuchs (references)

Time Line Parallels
Annual High Holy Day or Holiday
Historical Messianic Parallel
Notes
Spring Festivals

The start of a time line here might include Sukkot wherein Messiah enters the scene (appears on Earth by a special birth; Isaiah 7:14; Isaiah 9:6) and walks the earth to the time of His ministry.

Pesach
(Passover)

Leviticus 23:5-8

Hag haMatzah
(Feast of Unleavened Bread)

Part of Passover

Messiah's sacrifice

Accounts of Passover: Luke 2:41; John 5:1, 6:4; Acts 12:3-4; Matthew 26; Luke 22; ''Messiah became our Passover'' John 1:29; 1 Corinthians 5:7

Holiday fulfilled (Daniel 9:27)

Theme: redemption (See Creator's Window Chapter 16)

Kasdan states: ''Slaying the lamb at Passover foreshadowed the greater redemption found in God's appointed lamb, the Messiah.'' (See 2 Corinthians 5: 6-8)

Feast of First Fruits
Early First Fruits
Barley Harvest
Counting of the Sheaf
Leviticus 23:9-14

Messiah's resurrection

1 Corinthians 15:20, 23

Holiday fulfilled.

Also known as Yom HaBikkurim
Coincides with first harvest of the spring and thus is ideal for Israel to give a grain offering.
See 1 Corinthians 15; grain lifted up: John 12:23-24, 32; a wave offering: John 12: 1, 20.

Shavuot
(Feast of Weeks, Pentecost)
Leviticus 23: 15-21
Giving of Ruach HaKodesh
(the Spirit that is Holy)
Acts 2:1-5, 12.

Holiday fulfilled.

Birth of a nation; Giving of Torah (Law) to Israel; Birth of church (specifically believers in Messiah)

Kasdan notes: ''This synchronizes with promises in Scripture of latter-day messianic Jewish revival. Increasing numbers of Jewish people will believe in Yeshua until in the final day 'all Israel will be saved (Romans 11:26).' ''''

Four month harvest period
John 4:35

The Church (bringing in of believers from the giving of the Spirit to the 'meeting with Messiah in the air')
Matthew 28:19-20

This period of time is integral to the time line presented here. Before the next harvest there is growth of the body of those to be harvested.

Fall Festivals

Rosh HaShana
Yom Teruah
(Feast of Trumpets
or New Year)
1 Corinthians 15:51

Gathering with Messiah (actual calendar date of anticipated rapture? It's a possibility)
1 Thessalonians 4:17

Holiday as yet to be fulfilled

Many commentaries suggest this event precedes the seven year tribulation period (See Table 1)

WindowView message based on Rosh HaShana

Yom Kippur
(Day of Atonement)
Zechariah 12:10-13:9
Time of Jacob's Trouble
Tribulation

Holiday as yet to be fulfilled; seven year tribulation period

(See Table 1)

WindowView message based on Yom Kippur.

Sukkot or Succoth
(Feast of Tabernacles
Feast of Booths)
Zechariah 14

Birth of Messiah: This starts the Messianic sequence with a time of ministry - to teach and prepare the world for each step that lies ahead

Holiday fulfilled.

God incarnate resides with humanity for a time... that is, God 'tabernacles' with Israel. This is a foreshadow of Messiah's residing with believers as depicted in next box below....

 

Following Messiah's return (second coming); Yeshua resides with believing peoples in the millennial Kingdom where He reigns as King over all.

Holiday as yet to be fulfilled; follows directly after seven year tribulation period (See Table 1)

The sequence of holy days based on Leviticus 23 is complete at this point. Hanukah is included because of the foreshadow significance of events linked to this holiday and the Messianic time line depicted above.

Hanukah*
(Feast of Dedication)

Historically important, preparing the Temple in advance of the Messiah's arrival (especially in advance of the years of ministry which included visits to and events at the Temple in Jerusalem) can be linked to the Macabees struggle and dedication of the Temple after its desecration by Antiochus Epiphanes

Holiday fulfilled

* not a High Holy Day, but added here for continuity with the Messianic significance of these holy days


Language Translation
 

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 References:  - click panel tab below to see more ...
SOURCES, Citations, and Reference listing.
TimeLine References:
  • Various sources were used to develop this time line. Where possible dates are cross checked or events are placed in relative position. Many of the dates used above come from the following references:
  • Arnold G. Fruchtenbaum, Th.M., Ph.D.1982. Footsteps of Messiah - A Study of the Sequence of Prophetic Events. (Fruchtenbaum)
  • Ayers, Ed. 1999. God's Last Offer - Negotiating for a Sustainable Future. (A)
  • Fruchtenbaum, Arnold G., Th.M., Ph.D.1982. Footsteps of Messiah - A Study of the Sequence of Prophetic Events. (Fruchtenbaum) (New edition 2003)
  • Graham, Billy. 1992. Storm Warning. Published by: W Publishing Group (formerly Word Publishing)
  • Grun, Bernard. 1991. The Timetables of History - A Horizontal Linkage of People and Events. New Third Revised Edition. Based on Werner Stein's Kulturfahrplan. A Touchstone Book:New York. (G)
  • Ice, T., and R. Price. 1989. Ready to Rebuild — The Imminent Plant to Rebuild the Last Days Temple. (IP)
  • Infoplease.com (Info) http://www.infoplease.com/
  • H. Lindsey. 1973. There's A New World Coming. Bantam Books. (Lindsey)
  • Randall Price. 2001 Unholy War. (P)
  • Dr. G. Schroeder with Z. Levitt. Genesis One. Levitt Ministries (see note in graphic box at top of this table for details).
  • SciNews: Science News is a science news weekly generally obtained by subscription, also see: http://www.sciencenews.org/
  • Web (Internet): Occasionally we find what appear as reliable, but formally unpublished, sources on the Internet. As such these entries remain to be fully confirmed. In many cases this information is found to agree with the remainder of the timeline and the published sources used here.
  • Zondervan Corporation. 1985. The NIV Study Bible. Zondervan Bible Publishers:Grand Rapids.

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